Education Systems

back

USA Higher Education System - State University Systems

Education is a state subject in the USA. Consequently every state in the US has a public university system. Most public universities in the US are state universities, which are set up and managed by state government.

Each State U has its own admission standards, tuition fee and graduation requirements. Many states have more than one university or college system with different governing bodies, and even campuses within the same university might have different requirements.

An important element of state university systems is their generally low cost. Because state universities are supported by tax money, the citizens of the state are charged a comparatively low tuition to attend public universities in their own state. However, if they choose to attend a university in another state, they are charged "non-resident" tuition, which is substantially higher, and is based on the actual cost of education for that state. The same applies to citizens of other countries who are not US residents.

Given the State Universities, families in Hong Kong with a tight financial budget can afford to send their kids to study in USA. As suggested by Litz USA Student Service, students can start with the 2-year community colleges, then they can transfer to one of the State Universities for the final 2 years. Both types of institutions offer relatively affordable tuitions to foreign students.

Some states have more than one state university system. For example, California has theUniversity of California (considered top-tier, with 9 campuses ) and the California State University (considered lower tier, with 23 campuses) as four-year university systems, and the California Community Colleges as its community college system (with 106 campuses).

The University of California system awards bachelors, masters, professional (law and medicine) and doctoral degrees, and is oriented toward research. The California State system offers bachelors and masters degrees, and its primary mission is undergraduate education and teacher training. The community colleges award two-year associate degrees, with a focus on job training and preparation for four-year institutions.

The largest state university system is State University of New York with over 400,000 students. However, the combined enrollment of the University of California, the California State University, and the California Community Colleges systems exceeds 2,300,000 students.

The oldest State University in theUS is The College of William & Mary, which traces its origin to 1693. Every state has at least one university and there are large states with more than thirty universities. States typically charge higher tuition for students coming from other states as they do not fall under the state taxes net and hence are not contributing in subsidizing the university.

Most of the top universities in the USA are private entities and one of the reasons attributed to the fall in the number of public universities is the lack of State support. Many public universities run graduate programs in law, medicine and other subjects exclusively on private funding. So far the only federally chartered universities in theUS, such as West Point has been those that are under the patronage of theU.S.military.

Many public universities are highly selective, they are known as Public Ivies. In University of Michigan and University of California-Berkeley, belonging to this genre, most of the departments are top ranked, which take them to the prestigious league of the Ivy League University.

Below are some of theStateUniversitysites:

WashingtonState U www.wsu.edu/

CaliforniaState U www.calstate.edu/

PennsylvaniaState U www.psu.edu/

SUNY - The State U of New Yorkwww.suny.edu/

North CarolinaState U www.ncsu.edu/

IndianaState U www.indstate.edu/

Minnesota State U www.msu.edu/

The OhioState U www.osu.edu/

IllinoisState U www.illinoisstate.edu/

OregonState U www.oregonstate.edu/

DelawareState U www.desu.edu/

ArizonaState U www.asu.edu/

IowaState U www.iastate.edu/

Louisiana State U www.lsu.edu/

 

More References:

A state university system in theUnited Statesis a group of public universities supported by an individual state, or a similar entity such as theDistrict of Columbia. Each state supports at least one such system. (Federal funded colleges and universities are limited to military personnel and government employees. Members of foreign militaries and governments also attend some schools. These schools include theUnited Statesmilitary academies, NavalPostgraduateSchool, and military staff colleges).

A state university system normally means a single legal entity and administration, but may consist of several institutions, each with its own identity as a university. Some states—such asCaliforniaandTexas—support more than one such system.

State universities get subsidies from their states. The amount of the subsidy varies from university to university and state to state, but the effect is to lower tuition costs below that of private universities. As more and more Americans attend college, and private tuition rates increase well beyond the rate of inflation, admission to state universities is becoming more and more competitive.

Following the Second World War, many state universities were merged with smaller institutions to achieve economies of scale in administration and also to raise the prestige of the degrees granted by some smaller institutions. A prominent example of this is the State University of New York, which is the largest comprehensive system of universities, colleges, and community colleges in the world. During the 1970s, further mergers took place and the concept of a state system was widely adopted.

Community colleges in the United States- Some states maintain a separate system for state colleges (often specified as community colleges, technical colleges, or junior colleges), that is distinct from their university system. Examples include the California Community Colleges System, the Florida College System, and the Technical College System of Georgia. In these states, colleges focus primarily on awarding two-year associate's degrees and professional certificates, while universities focus on four-year bachelor's degrees and more advanced degrees.

The California Community Colleges System is the largest in the world. In 2009 the Florida College System changed its name from the Florida Community College System, reflecting the fact that some of its colleges now offer four-year degrees. Some of its colleges were designated "state colleges", distinguishing them from community colleges in that they offer more four year degrees than community colleges.

 

Source: US Department of Education, Ezine Article Source, Wikipedia

back