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US News & World Report - National Universities Ranking 2020

 U.S. News & World Report - National University Ranking 2020

U.S. News & World Report just released its 2020 Best Colleges rankings, covering approximately 1400 colleges and universities. For the ninth straight year, Princeton tops the National University list, followed, not unexpectedly, by Harvard in second. Columbia, MIT, and Yale tied for third. Williams College tops the list of National Liberal Arts Colleges, and UCLA is No. 1 among Top Public Schools. All the schools ranked in the top 20 National Universities list in 2020 were in the top 20 in 2019. This rankings inertia stems from both institutional continuity and a largely repetitive methodology.

Source: https://www.usnews.com/education/blogs/college-rankings-blog/articles/2019-09-09/what-changed-in-how-the-2020-us-news-best-colleges-rankings-were-calculated

we have merged the 2020 QS global ranking with the US News National University ranking to give our readers the ranking of the two most accepted university ranking.

US News 2020 QS Global 2020 School Location
1 013 Princeton University Princeton, NJ
2 003 Harvard University Cambridge, MA
3 018 Columbia University New York, NY
3 001 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Cambridge, MA
3 017 Yale University New Haven, CT
6 002 Stanford University Stanford, CA
6 010 University of Chicago Chicago, IL
6 015 University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA
9 031 Northwestern University Evanston, IL
10 025 Duke University Durham, NC
10 024 Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD
12 005 California Institute of Technology (Caltech) Pasadena, CA
12 207 Dartmouth College Hanover, NH
14 057 Brown University Providence, RI
15 210 University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, IN
15 200 Vanderbilt University Nashville, TN
17 014 Cornell University Ithaca, NY
17 085 Rice University Houston, TX
19 108 Washington University in St. Louis St. Louis, MO
20 035 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Los Angeles, CA
21 156 Emory University Atlanta, GA
22 028 University of California, Berkeley (UCB) Berkeley, CA
22 129 University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA
24 226 Georgetown University Washington, DC
25 048 Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA
25 021 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor Ann Arbor, MI
27 398 Wake Forest University Winston-Salem, NC
28 198 University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA
29 072 Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA
29 039 New York University (NYU) New York, NY
29 253 Tufts University Medford, MA
29 090 University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, NC
29 170 University of Rochester Rochester, NY
34 135 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) Santa Barbara, CA
34 167 University of Florida Gainesville, FL
36 219 University of California - Irvine (UCI) Irvine, CA
37 432 Boston College Chestnut Hill, MA
37 045 University of California - San Diego (UCSD) La Jolla, CA
29 39 New York University (NYU) United States
39 104 University of California - Davis (UCD) Davis, CA
40 098 Boston University Boston, MA
40 468 Brandeis University Waltham, MA
40 167 Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, OH
40 601-650 College of William and Mary Williamsburg, VA
40 344 Northeastern University Boston, MA
40 419 Tulane University New Orleans, LA
46 056 University of Wisconsin - Madison Madison, WI
46 162 Villanova University Villanova, PA
48 075 University of Illinois - Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) Champaign, IL
48 065 University of Texas - Austin Austin, TX
50 551-560 Lehigh University Bethlehem, PA
50 n/a Pepperdine University Malibu, CA
50 383 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, NY
50 474 University of Georgia Athens, GA
54 101 Ohio State University - Columbus Columbus, OH
54 192 Santa Clara University Santa Clara, CA
54 581-590 Syracuse University Syracuse, NY
14 57 Brown University United States
57 448 Florida State University Tallahassee, FL
57 093 Pennsylvania State University - University Park University Park, PA
57 111 Purdue University - West Lafayette West Lafayette, IN
57 271 University of Miami Coral Gables, FL
57 140 University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA
62 262 Rutgers University - New Brunswick Piscataway, NJ
62 068 University of Washington Seattle, WA
64 104 Loyola Marymount University Los Angeles, CA
64 701-750 Southern Methodist University Dallas, TX
64 377 University of Connecticut Storrs, CT
64 136 University of Maryland - College Park College Park, MD
64 305 University of Massachusetts - Amherst Amherst, MA
64 601-650 Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester, MA
70 701-750 Clemson University Clemson, SC
70 336 George Washington University Washington, DC
70 189 Texas A&M University - College Station College Station, TX
70 156 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities Minneapolis, MN
74 801-1000 Fordham University New York, NY
74 651-700 Stevens Institute of Technology Hoboken, NJ
74 27 Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA
77 601-650 American University Washington, DC
77 751-800 Brigham Young University - Provo Provo, UT
79 801-1000 Baylor University Waco, TX
79 801-1000 Binghamton University - SUNY Binghamton, NY
79 218 Gonzaga University Spokane, WA
79 312 Indiana University - Bloomington Bloomington, IN
79 340 University at Buffalo - SUNY Buffalo, NY
84 166 Colorado School of Mines Golden, CO
84 21 Elon University Elon, NC
84 801-1000 Marquette University Milwaukee, WI
84 144 Michigan State University East Lansing, MI
84 285 North Carolina State University - Raleigh Raleigh, NC
84 367 University of California - Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, CA
84 421 University of Iowa Iowa City, IA

The 2020 list

U.S. News & World Report implemented new ranking criteria that heavily weigh social mobility and graduation outcomes. The rankings compare bachelor's degree-granting institutions from across the U.S. on 15 diverse measures of academic quality. They can help you craft a shortlist of places in which to dig deeper.

The publication evaluates schools based on the following - Student outcomes (including the new Social mobility factor), Student excellence, Faculty resources, Expert opinion, Financial resources, Alumni giving.

California

UC Berkeley had returned to a top-25 position on the national list (No. 22), after UCLA. (No. 20). Stanford tied with the University of Chicago and the University of Pennsylvania at No. 6 position.

Note 1. UC Berkeley is back in the good graces of the collegiate kingmakers behind the U.S. News and World Report's annual ranking of the nation's top universities. The news comes not long after the publication discovered the school (along with the University of Oklahoma) had been misreporting alumni donation data since at least 2014.

Back in July, U.S. News removed Cal from the rankings after a person affiliated with the school disclosed the incorrect reporting, Forbes reported.

(Public colleges and universities typically operate under the supervision of state governments and are funded, in part, by tax dollars and subsidies from the state. As a result, these universities often offer discounted tuition to residents of their states. Public schools run the range from small liberal arts colleges to large research institutions. )

New England

Princeton and Harvard clocked in at first and second place, respectively, for best National Universities, with a three-way tie for third: Columbia, MIT, and Yale.

Boston University (BU) advanced two spots, to number 40, BU shares that spot with five peer institutions, two of them - Brandeis and Northeastern - also in Massachusetts. The other three are Case Western Reserve University, the College of William & Mary, and Tulane University.

BU moved up one notch in the magazine’s ranking of Most Innovative Schools, tying at number 27 with the University of Pennsylvania, Rice University, and UCLA. These are institutions that in the opinion of presidents, provosts, and admissions deans surveyed by U.S. News are making the most innovative improvements in terms of curriculum, faculty, students, campus life, technology, or facilities.

Pennsylvania

Some of the Pennsylvania schools that made the national university rankings: University of Pennsylvania #6, Carnegie Mellon University #25, Villanova University #46, Lehigh University #50, Pennsylvania State University - University Park #57, University of Pittsburgh #57, Drexel University #97, Temple University #104, Duquesne University #132.

New York

A total of 121 New York colleges were featured on the national list with the highest-ranking college - Columbia University — coming in at No. 3 and the lowest-ranking New York school/schools earning rankings of between 164 and 381.

Among the New York schools that were featured on the social mobility rankings were Stony Brook University — SUNY, Pace University, Vassar College, United States Military Academy, Purchase College — SUNY, Monroe College, Nyack College, Iona College, Adelphi University and the United States Merchant Marine Academy.

Washington

The University of Washington again is the highest-ranked national university on U.S. News & World Report's 2020 best colleges list. A total of five colleges were featured on the national list with UW coming in at No. 66 nationwide, and Whitman College in Walla Walla was ranked the 46th best liberal arts college in the nation. Washington schools that made the national university rankings - University of Washington (62), Gonzaga University (79), Seattle University (139), Washington State University (166), Seattle Pacific University (192).

Texas

Rice University is once again the top Texas school in U.S. News & World Report’s newest rankings , Rice was tied at No. 17 on the 2020 list of best national universities, along with Cornell University in New York. The University of Texas at Austin was the second Texas school on the 2020 list, once again, and moved up one spot from last year. Southern Methodist University in North Texas fell five spots from last year. The University of Houston also fell 14 spots. 

Looking just at public schools, UT was No. 14 nationwide, Texas A&M University was No. 27, and UH came in at No. 92. They all fell from their spots last year.

Illinois

The University of Chicago (#6) maintained its position as one of top institutions in the nation, once again earning a ranking in the top 10 of U.S. News and World Report’s “best colleges” list for 2020. The Hyde Park university tied with Stanford and the University of Pennsylvania for sixth place in the organization’s national rankings.

What has brought many of the world’s most promising students and distinguished faculty to the University of Chicag the most powerful environment for original research and new schools of thought.  The demonstrated success of the College over the last decade shows that more talented students than ever share these values and aspire to join, benefit from, and contribute to the University of Chicago’s distinctive intellectual community.

Northwestern University (#9) are delighted with their steady ascent in the U.S. News survey, it is an external endorsement of their extraordinarily talented community of faculty, staff and students does every day to make Northwestern one of the leading research universities in the world.

The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign was the next highest-ranked Illinois school, finishing in 48th place. Loyola University (104th), the Illinois Institute of Technology (117th), DePaul University (125th) and the University of Illinois at Chicago (132nd) also finished among the rankings’ top 150.

Top Public Schools

California dominated the list. UCLA maintains its top spot with the University of California, Berkeley in second. It was the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor that rounded out the top three.

The full US News rankings 

Rank# School Location Enrolment
1 Princeton University Princeton, NJ 5,428
2 Harvard University Cambridge, MA 6,788
3 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 4,602
3 Yale University New Haven, CT 5,964
3 Columbia University New York, NY 6,202
6 University of Chicago Chicago, IL 6,552
6 Stanford University Stanford, CA 7,087
6 University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA 10,183
9 Northwestern University Evanston, IL 8,231
10 Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD 6,064
10 Duke University Durham, NC 6,682
12 California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA 948
12 Dartmouth College Hanover, NH 4,417
14 Brown University Providence, RI 7,043
15 Vanderbilt University Nashville, TN 6,861
15 University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, IN 8,617
17 Rice University Houston, TX 3,992
17 Cornell University Ithaca, NY 15,182
19 Washington University in St. Louis St. Louis, MO 7,751
20 University of California--Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA 31,577
21 Emory University Atlanta, GA 7,086
22 University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA 19,907
22 University of California--Berkeley Berkeley, CA 30,853
24 Georgetown University Washington, DC 7,459
25 Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 6,947
25 University of Michigan--Ann Arbor Ann Arbor, MI 30,318
27 Wake Forest University Winston-Salem, NC 5,225
28 University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA 16,777
29 Tufts University Medford, MA 5,643
29 University of Rochester Rochester, NY 6,535
29 Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 16,049
29 University of North Carolina--Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, NC 19,117
29 New York University New York, NY 26,733
34 University of California--Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, CA 23,070
34 University of Florida Gainesville, FL 35,491
36 University of California--Irvine Irvine, CA 29,736
37 Boston College Chestnut Hill, MA 9,377
37 University of California--San Diego La Jolla, CA 30,285
39 University of California--Davis Davis, CA 30,872
40 Brandeis University Waltham, MA 3,639
40 Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, OH 5,262
40 College of William and Mary Williamsburg, VA 6,377
40 Tulane University New Orleans, LA 6,773
40 Northeastern University Boston, MA 13,909
40 Boston University Boston, MA 18,515
46 Villanova University Villanova, PA 6,917
46 University of Wisconsin--Madison Madison, WI 32,648
48 University of Illinois--Urbana-Champaign Champaign, IL 33,915
48 University of Texas--Austin Austin, TX 40,804
50 Pepperdine University Malibu, CA 3,627
50 Lehigh University Bethlehem, PA 5,047
50 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, NY 6,628
50 University of Georgia Athens, GA 29,611
54 Santa Clara University Santa Clara, CA 5,520
54 Syracuse University Syracuse, NY 15,226
54 Ohio State University--Columbus Columbus, OH 46,820
57 University of Miami Coral Gables, FL 11,117
57 University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA 19,330
57 Florida State University Tallahassee, FL 32,472
57 Purdue University--West Lafayette West Lafayette, IN 32,672
57 Pennsylvania State University--University Park University Park, PA 40,363
62 University of Washington Seattle, WA 32,099
62 Rutgers University--New Brunswick Piscataway, NJ 36,039
64 Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester, MA 4,668
64 Southern Methodist University Dallas, TX 6,479
64 Loyola Marymount University Los Angeles, CA 6,700
64 University of Connecticut Storrs, CT 19,133
64 University of Massachusetts--Amherst Amherst, MA 23,515
64 University of Maryland--College Park College Park, MD 30,762
70 George Washington University Washington, DC 12,546
70 Clemson University Clemson, SC 19,669
70 University of Minnesota--Twin Cities Minneapolis, MN 34,633
70 Texas A&M University--College Station College Station, TX 53,743
74 Stevens Institute of Technology Hoboken, NJ 3,230
74 Fordham University New York, NY 9,645
74 Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA 27,811
77 American University Washington, DC 8,287
77 Brigham Young University--Provo Provo, UT 31,441
79 Binghamton University--SUNY Binghamton, NY 14,021
79 Baylor University Waco, TX 14,188
79 University at Buffalo--SUNY Buffalo, NY 21,607
79 Indiana University--Bloomington Bloomington, IN 33,301
79 Gonzaga University Spokane, WA  
84 Colorado School of Mines Golden, CO 4,954
84 Elon University Elon, NC 6,196
84 Marquette University Milwaukee, WI 8,435
84 University of California--Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, CA 17,792
84 University of Iowa Iowa City, IA 23,989
84 North Carolina State University--Raleigh Raleigh, NC 25,199
84 Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 39,423
91 Clark University Worcester, MA 2,304
91 University of San Diego San Diego, CA 5,855
91 Miami University--Oxford Oxford, OH 17,326
91 Stony Brook University--SUNY Stony Brook, NY 17,522
91 University of Delaware Newark, DE 19,117
91 University of California--Riverside Riverside, CA 20,581
97 Yeshiva University New York, NY 2,682
97 University of Denver Denver, CO 5,801
97 University of San Francisco San Francisco, CA 6,704
97 Saint Louis University St. Louis, MO 7,167
97 New Jersey Institute of Technology Newark, NJ 8,532
97 Texas Christian University Fort Worth, TX 9,445
97 Drexel University Philadelphia, PA 13,490
104 Creighton University Omaha, NE 4,446
104 Howard University Washington, DC 6,243
104 University of California--Merced Merced, CA 7,881
104 Loyola University Chicago Chicago, IL 11,919
104 Rochester Institute of Technology Rochester, NY 13,513
104 University of Oregon Eugene, OR 19,101
104 University of Tennessee Knoxville, TN 22,815
104 Auburn University Auburn, AL 24,628
104 University of Utah Salt Lake City, UT 24,743
104 University of South Carolina Columbia, SC 26,733
104 Temple University Philadelphia, PA 29,484
104 University of Colorado--Boulder Boulder, CO 30,152
104 University of South Florida Tampa, FL 32,238
117 Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago, IL 3,026
117 Clarkson University Potsdam, NY 3,091
117 University of Arizona Tucson, AZ 35,233
117 Arizona State University--Tempe Tempe, AZ 42,844
121 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry Syracuse, NY 1,779
121 University of Tulsa Tulsa, OK 3,296
121 University of Vermont Burlington, VT 11,328
121 Iowa State University Ames, IA 29,621
125 University of the Pacific Stockton, CA 3,701
125 Chapman University Orange, CA 7,281
125 University of New Hampshire Durham, NH 12,782
125 DePaul University Chicago, IL 14,507
125 Simmons University Boston, MA  
130 Drake University Des Moines, IA 3,015
130 University of Kansas Lawrence, KS  
132 University of La Verne La Verne, CA 2,798
132 Duquesne University Pittsburgh, PA 6,013
132 University of Dayton Dayton, OH 8,617
132 Rutgers University--Newark Newark, NJ 9,142
132 University of Illinois--Chicago Chicago, IL 20,783
132 University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 22,136
132 University of Oklahoma Norman, OK 22,152
139 Seattle University Seattle, WA 4,764
139 Seton Hall University South Orange, NJ 6,136
139 University of Missouri Columbia, MO 22,503
139 Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 25,699
139 University of Cincinnati Cincinnati, OH 26,932
139 The Catholic University of America Washington, DC  
139 University of Nebraska--Lincoln Lincoln, NE  
139 University of St. Thomas St. Paul, MN  
147 University at Albany--SUNY Albany, NY 13,598
147 University of Texas--Dallas Richardson, TX 19,872
147 San Diego State University San Diego, CA 30,393
147 Michigan Technological University Houghton, MI  
147 Samford University Birmingham, AL  
147 University of St. Joseph West Hartford, CT  
153 Valparaiso University Valparaiso, IN 3,218
153 Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, PA 3,604
153 Mercer University Macon, GA 4,797
153 University of Arkansas Fayetteville, AR 23,386
153 Louisiana State University--Baton Rouge Baton Rouge, LA 25,361
153 George Mason University Fairfax, VA 26,192
153 University of Alabama Tuscaloosa, AL 33,028
153 Quinnipiac University Hamden, CT  
153 The New School New York, NY  
162 Hofstra University Hempstead, NY 6,701
162 Kansas State University Manhattan, KS 17,869
162 University of Mississippi University, MS 18,007
162 Virginia Commonwealth University Richmond, VA 24,058
166 Adelphi University Garden City, NY 5,391
166 Belmont University Nashville, TN 6,656
166 University of Maryland--Baltimore County Baltimore, MD 11,260
166 University of Alabama--Birmingham Birmingham, AL 13,836
166 University of Rhode Island Kingston, RI 13,865
166 Rowan University Glassboro, NJ 16,120
166 Washington State University Pullman, WA 26,098
166 Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO 26,400
166 University of Central Florida Orlando, FL 58,913
166 Montclair State University Montclair, NJ  
166 Rutgers University--Camden Camden, NJ  
166 St. John Fisher College Rochester, NY  
166 University of Hawaii--Manoa Honolulu, HI  
179 Gallaudet University Washington, DC 1,138
179 University of Detroit Mercy Detroit, MI 2,880
179 Missouri University of Science & Technology--Rolla Rolla, MO 6,848
179 University of Idaho Moscow, ID 9,568
179 St. John's University Queens, NY 16,884
179 University of Massachusetts--Lowell Lowell, MA  
185 Biola University La Mirada, CA 4,010
185 University of North Carolina--Wilmington Wilmington, NC 14,452
185 Ohio University Athens, OH 22,275
185 University of Houston Houston, TX 38,348
185 Chatham University Pittsburgh, PA  
185 Pacific University Forest Grove, OR  
185 Union University Jackson, TN  
192 Seattle Pacific University Seattle, WA 2,876
192 University of Louisville Louisville, KY 15,642
192 Oklahoma State University Stillwater, OK 20,574
192 Ball State University Muncie, IN  
192 Misericordia University Dallas, PA  
197 Bellarmine University Louisville, KY 2,552
197 Bethel University St. Paul, MN 2,857
197 Illinois State University Normal, IL 18,107
197 Towson University Towson, MD 19,818
197 Loyola University New Orleans New Orleans, LA  
202 University of St. Francis Joliet, IL 1,629
202 Florida Institute of Technology Melbourne, FL 3,680
202 Pace University New York, NY 8,960
202 University of Maine Orono, ME 9,365
202 Edgewood College Madison, WI  
202 Maryville University of St. Louis St Louis, MO  
202 Regis University Denver, CO  
202 Robert Morris University Moon Township, PA  
202 Widener University Chester, PA  
211 Wilkes University Wilkes-Barre, PA 2,455
211 University of Hartford West Hartford, CT 5,000
211 Mississippi State University Mississippi State, MS 18,490
211 California State University--Fresno Fresno, CA 22,071
211 Kent State University Kent, OH 22,557
211 Georgia State University Atlanta, GA 27,190
211 Immaculata University Immaculata, PA  
218 Lipscomb University Nashville, TN 2,938
218 Hampton University Hampton, VA 3,672
218 Florida International University Miami, FL 48,439
218 Clarke University Dubuque, IA  
218 Gannon University Erie, PA  
218 Sacred Heart University Fairfield, CT  

Methodology (adopted for 2020)

https://www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/articles/how-us-news-calculated-the-rankings

U.S. News made some changes for its 35th edition of the rankings. The publication updated its methodology to give the nearly 1,400 schools it evaluated more credit based on how they supported first-generation college students through graduation.

This year, the publication also created a new ranking category, Top Performers on Social Mobility, evaluating schools that best serve underrepresented students by looking at enrollment and graduation rates of low-income students

The publication evaluates schools based on the following.

Student outcomes (including the new Social mobility factor), Student excellence, Faculty resources, Expert opinion, Financial resources, Alumni giving.

The Ranking Factors

High school counselor opinion was discontinued as part of expert opinion. Otherwise, there were no changes in weights assigned to each factor for the 2020 edition. There are, however, small differences in how some of the factors were calculated, described below. For a more detailed look at how the rankings are computed on a factor-by-factor level, please see Ranking Criteria and Weights and Morse Code: Inside the College Rankings.

Factors and weights used in the U.S. News Best Colleges rankings.

Outcomes (35%)

More than one-third of a school's rank comes from its success at retaining and graduating students within 150% of normal time (six years). It receives the highest weight in our rankings because degree completion is necessary to receive the full benefits of undergraduate study from employers and graduate schools. We approach outcomes from angles of graduation and retention (22%), graduation rate performance (8%) and social mobility (5%).

Graduation and retention rates: This has two components.

A four-year rolling average of the proportion of each entering class (fall 2009-fall 2012) earning a degree in six years or less (17.6%).

A four-year rolling average of the proportion of first-year entering students (fall 2014-fall 2017) who returned the following fall (4.4%).

Graduation rate performance: We compared each college's actual six-year graduation rate with what we predicted for its fall 2012 entering class. The predicted rates were modeled from admissions data, proportion of undergraduates awarded Pell Grants, school financial resources, proportion of federal financial aid recipients who are first generation, and National Universities' math and science, or STEM, orientations.

The first-generation students variable was new for the 2020 rankings and in effect gives schools more credit for their graduation rates when accomplished with higher proportions of students who were the first in their immediate families to attend college. The data was sourced from the U.S. Department of Education's College Scorecard. Its inclusion improved the model's predictive power.

Social mobility: Measures how well schools graduated students who received federal Pell Grants (those typically coming from households whose family incomes are less than $50,000 annually, though most Pell Grant money goes to students with a total family income below $20,000). New for the 2020 edition, data sourced from the federal government was used for nonresponders. Also, the below factors (weighted 2.5% each) were computed using two-year averages of fall 2011 and fall 2012 entering cohorts.

Pell Grant graduation rates are the six-year graduation rates of Pell Grant students adjusted to give much more credit to schools with larger Pell student proportions.

Pell Grant graduation rate performance is the factor that compares each school's six-year graduation rate among Pell recipients with its six-year graduation rate among non-Pell recipients by dividing the former into the latter, then adjusting to give much more credit to schools with larger Pell student proportions. The higher a school's Pell graduation rate relative to its non-Pell graduation rate up to the rates being equal, the better it scores.

U.S. News published a distinct social mobility ranking for all schools. The social mobility ranking is computed from the two ranking factors assessing graduation rates of Pell-awarded students (5% of the rankings total).

Additionally, for benchmarking purposes each schools’ ranking factors sections on its directory page includes both its social mobility rank and a distinct outcomes rank. Although the ranks themselves are not used to determine schools' overall rankings, they are displayed to enable prospective students, parents and institutions to make comparisons on related ranking factors. The outcomes rank also includes the two social mobility ranking factors but also average graduation rates, first-year retention rates and graduation rate performance that in total comprise 35% of a school's overall score.

We also changed how the graduation and retention rate benchmark ranking was calculated. It is once again computed from a school's total score in these two ranking indicators: average six-year graduation rate and average first-year retention rate. In the 2019 edition only, it was based on a school's score in these four ranking factors: average six-year graduation rate, average first-year retention rate, Pell Grant graduation rate and Pell Grant graduation rate performance.

Faculty Resources (20%)

Research shows the greater access students have to quality instructors, the more engaged they will be in class and the more they will learn and likely graduate. U.S. News uses five factors from the 2018-2019 academic year to assess a school's commitment to instruction: class size, faculty salary, faculty with the highest degree in their fields, student-faculty ratio and proportion of faculty who are full time.

Class size is the most highly weighted faculty resource measure, at 8%. Schools score better the greater their proportions of smaller classes for fall 2018.

Faculty salary is weighted at 7% and is the average faculty pay plus benefits during the 2017-2018 and 2018-2019 academic years, adjusted for regional differences in the cost of living. Nonresponders to the faculty salary question for the first time had modified federal government faculty salary data used as the basis for their estimates. Also new for the 2020 rankings, the faculty salary figures were adjusted using open source data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis regional price parities 2017 dataset published in May 2019. These regional price indexes allow comparisons from one metro area to another and measure the differences in price levels across states and metropolitan areas for a given year. They are expressed as a percentage of the overall national price level. The regional price indexes cover all consumption goods and services, including housing rents.

U.S. News also factors the proportion of full-time faculty with the highest degree in their fields (3%), student-faculty ratio (1%) and the proportion of faculty who are full time (1%).

Expert Opinion (20%)

Academic reputation matters because it factors things that cannot easily be captured elsewhere. For example, an institution known for having innovative approaches to teaching may perform especially well on this indicator, whereas a school struggling to keep its accreditation will likely perform poorly.

We take a two-year weighted average of ratings from top academics – presidents, provosts and deans of admissions – who rate the academic quality of peer institutions with which they are familiar on a scale of 1 (marginal) to 5 (distinguished).

U.S. News collected the data by administering peer assessment surveys in spring 2018 and 2019 directly to schools. Of the 4,815 academics who were sent questionnaires, 43% responded. This response rate is well up from 36% the previous year.

The high school counselor opinion survey was not administered and its ranking factor was dropped from the National Universities and National Liberal Arts Colleges rankings formulas altogether because U.S. News had greater confidence in its peer assessment data. High school counselor ratings had never been included as a ranking factor in the Regional Universities and Regional Colleges methodology. The high school counselor assessment's 5 percentage point weight in the ranking was added to the peer assessment weight for the National Universities and National Liberal Arts Colleges rankings formulas, increasing the weight of that indicator in those two categories from 15% to 20% – equal to what is done for Regional Universities and Regional Colleges.

Financial Resources (10%)

Generous per-student spending indicates that a college can offer a wide variety of programs and services. U.S. News measures financial resources by using the average spending per student on instruction, research, student services and related educational expenditures in the 2017 and 2018 fiscal years. Spending on sports, dorms and hospitals does not count.

A small adjustment for the 2020 rankings: For improved cohort alignment, we adjusted the denominator cohorts a year back so that fiscal year 2018 spending was compared with 2017 enrollment and fiscal year 2017 spending was compared with 2016 enrollment.

For non-responders, data sourced from the federal government was used – a change from the previous rankings edition.

Student Excellence (10%)

A school's academic atmosphere is influenced by the selectivity of its admissions. Simply put, students who achieved strong grades and test scores during high school have the highest probability of succeeding at challenging college-level coursework; enabling instructors to design classes that have great rigor.

Standardized tests: U.S. News factors admissions test scores for all enrollees who took the mathematics and evidence-based reading and writing portions of the SAT and the composite ACT. We weighted standardized tests at 7.75%.

Schools sometimes fail to report SAT and ACT scores for students in these categories: athletes, international students, minority students, legacies, those admitted by special arrangement and those who started in summer 2018. For any school that did not report all scores or that declined to say whether all scores were reported, U.S. News reduced its combined SAT/ACT percentile distribution value used in the ranking model by 15%. If the combined percentage of the fall 2018 entering class submitting test scores is less than 75% of all new entrants, its combined SAT/ACT percentile distribution value used in the rankings was discounted by 15%.

High school class standing: U.S. News incorporates the proportion of enrolled first-year students at National Universities and National Liberal Arts Colleges who graduated in the top 10% of their high school classes. It contributes 2.25% toward schools' overall scores.

For Regional Universities and Regional Colleges, we used the proportion of those who graduated in the top quarter of their high school classes. New for this ranking is that high school class standing data from high schools that reported on fewer than 10% of their fall 2018 new entrants received an estimate instead of having their scores discounted. Also new is that colleges that reported high school class standing data on less than 20% of new entrants have their fall 2018 data footnoted. This is a decrease from 50% of new entrants in previous editions.

Alumni Giving (5%)

This is the average percentage of living alumni with bachelor's degrees who gave to their school during 2016-2017 and 2017-2018. Giving measures student satisfaction and post-graduate engagement. This year, U.S. News only incorporated data it collected from its own data collection.

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2019 U.S. News & World Report - Summary

Routinely, Stanford, Harvard, Yale and Princeton are among the top American universities, though their order often changes depending on the year and the specific methodology used. Also mainstays in the top grouping are usually Columbia, MIT and University of Chicago.

California is home to numerous high-quality colleges and universities. For the second year in a row, colleges located in California snagged more than 10 percent of the top 100 spots. Also a repeat: Stanford came in number one in the Golden State and seven of the state's top 12 schools were part of the UC system.

US News National University Ranking

 

US News National University Ranking

 

US News National University Ranking

 

US News National University Ranking

 

Bruins and Trojans have something new to argue about: The magazine ranks the USC as the No. 23 national university and the UCLA at 24, tied with the University of Virginia.

UC Irvine is ranked 39th, UC San Diego is ranked 44th, Pepperdine University is tied at 50 with Penn State, UC Riverside is No. 118, San Diego State is No. 146, the University of La Verne is ranked 152, Azusa Pacific University is No. 183 and Cal State Fullerton is ranked 202.

The Philadelphia area’s abundance of higher-education institutions providing a strong showing. University of Pennsylvania rose one spot to tie with Duke University for 8th in the National University category.

Ranked 53rd, the University of Texas at Austin is a premier educational institution. More than 51,000 students and 3,000 faculty call this school home. Its undergraduate engineering and business programs are equally lauded, ranking 8th and 10th respectively. The flagship school of the sprawling University of Texas System offers undergraduate degrees in over 170 fields of interest. The honors programs is offered in business, engineering, liberal arts and natural sciences studies.


Source of Information資料來源:

US News & World Report - http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/rankings/national-universities

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