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選讀人工智能本科 | Majoring in Computer Science - AI

2017.01

2016年是人工智能爆發的一年,讓我們先看看最新發展,亞馬遜(Amazon)是最新的科技巨頭免費提供它自身研發的尖端技術 - Amazon推出了它的 ‘DSSTNE’, 音destiny,這是一個開放式程碼的人工智能框架(open source AI Framework),用於支持Amazon的產品推薦系統 (註1) 。

近月於內地圍棋網擊敗多名中日韓頂尖棋手,取得60連勝的「Master」,原來是谷歌的DeepMind。隨着深度學習(deep learning)理論的快速發展,各種深度學習的應用層出不窮,從人臉識別,圖片風格到自動駕駛,不一而足。

AI(Artificial intelligence/人工智能)是製造智能機器的科學以及工程,特別是與相關過程的智能計算程序,並以電腦程式來理解人類智能,然而AI卻不局限於生物可觀察到的方法。

觀乎AI近年的高速發展,其大量投入商用的時間將愈來愈近。所以香港學生往美國升學大可以選修AI,這是一個充满生幾的行業, 不愁找不到工作。 

同學如想直入以上AI强校修讀本科本中心,本中心的”Elite Program”可助你申請, 免卻你的麻煩。如果同學成績未達這些學校要求, 你們大可以先入讀美國社區學院(學費連住舍費港幣19萬起) 或小型私立大學(學費連宿舍費港幣38萬起) 。最近的例子是, 麗斯的 Ryan Au同就是由 Albright College轉入著名的香檳大學(UIUC) 修讀電腦及AI的。

同學可參考以下本科AI二十强美國大學排名及其課程  

Rank

University

 

Course

1

University of Tennessee-Knoxville

-

Artificial Intelligence

2

University of Washington

-

User Interface and Human-Computer Interaction

3

Stanford University

-

Artificial Intelligence

4

University of Georgia

-

Cognitive Science

5

University of Pennsylvania

-

 

6

University of California-Berkeley

-

Technical Electives in Cognitive Science

7

University of Michigan

-

Artificial Intelligence or Robotics & Vision

8

U of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

-

Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, & Cybernetics

9

University of Massachusetts-Amherst

-

Artificial Intelligence

10

Indiana University

-

M.S. in Human-Computer Interaction Design

11

Oregon State University

-

Human-Computer Interaction

12

Northwestern University

-

Depth in Artificial Intelligence

13

University of Rochester

-

Machine Learning, Vision, & Robotics or Human Computer Interaction 

14

The Ohio State University

-

Artificial Intelligence

15

Harvard University

-

Mind, Brain, & Behavior

16

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

-

Robotics & Artificial Intelligence Elective Options

17

Columbia U in the City of New York

-

Artificial Intelligence Track

18

Purdue University

-

Machine Intelligence Track

19

Georgia State University

-

Concentration in Graphics and Human-Computer Interaction

20

University of California-San Diego

-

Artificial Intelligence Cluster

(按此查看更多有關排名)

 

AI暫可分為 - 自然語言Natural language) ,遺傳編程(Genetic programming) , 認識論(Epistemology) , 機器人(Robotics) , 專家系統(Expert system ) , 邏輯AI(Logical AI) , 感知系統(Perceptive systems) , 推理(Inference) 等。

”AI Co-Pilot Technology” 是一很貼切的應用例子:

協同駕駛技術(Co-Pilot)共包含四大要點,包括面部識別,頭部追蹤,視線追蹤以及讀唇技術。面部識別首先可以通過深度學習(deep learning)判斷駕駛員的表情從而進一步判斷駕駛員的情緒狀況,在發現情緒不穩時提醒駕駛員即使休息調整情緒以避免發生衝動駕駛。頭部追蹤和視線追蹤可以幫助協同駕駛系統判斷駕駛員注意力是否集中,並在駕駛員分神時及時提醒。讀唇技術則可以在環境較吵鬧的情況下根據駕駛員嘴唇的動作判斷其發出的語音指令並予以執行。最後,協同駕駛系統還能為駕駛行為計分,在督促駕駛員安全駕駛的同時也能夠成為保險公司制定保費的依據。

所以現今AI應用方面真的是只要你諗到的都有, 更多範籌如下:

• Science

• Improvement associated with new drugs – model clinical research within animals as well as humans

• Remote controlled surgical procedures – utilizes robotics as well as computer-based optical techniques – can be executed 50 percent approach around the world

• Innovative weather modeling

• Doppler redar

• speech recognition – In the 1990s, computer speech recognition reached a practical level with regard to limited purposes. Therefore United Airlines provides swapped out the keyboard tree with regard to flight information with a program using speech recognition associated with flight numbers as well as city names. It's very convenient. Alternatively, although you are able to teach several computers making use of speech, many people have gone back to the keyboard as well as the mouse as still more convenient.

• Industrial

• Machine vision inspection techniques – cameras as well as computers are put about assembly lines to get problems

• Robotic systems

• Use computer automation and also mechanical equipment – be held connected with humans in manufacturing associated with cars

• Understanding natural language

• Expert systems

• Heuristic classification

• Modeling human performance

• Planning and robotics

• Game playing

• Computer vision

• Language and environmental of AI

• Machine learning

. Intelligent Agents Features Topic Goal-motivated behavior State space search logical Decision making System, reasoning patterns Knowledge based behavior Knowledge representation

• Information

• Data

• Knowledge Adaptive behavior Machine learning Interaction and communication Vision, pattern recognition natural language processing Physical activity Robotics

 

註1 - https://www.wired.com/2016/05/amazons-giving-away-ai-behind-product-recommendations/

 

 

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