學術排名

返回

美國新聞報告 - 全球最佳大學 2020 (US News & World Report)

US News 2020年全球最佳大學排 (2019.10)。前10名最佳大學,美國占了8所,使美國擁有全球最強學校的國際聲譽,更加鞏固。

全球10大最佳大學:

1. 哈佛大學(美國)

2. 麻省理工學院(美國)

3. 史丹福大學(美國)

4. 柏克萊加州大學(美國)

5. 牛津大學(英國)

6. 加州理工學院(美國)

7. 哥倫比亞大學(美國)

8. 普林斯頓大學(美國)

9. 劍橋大學 (英國)

10. 華盛頓大學 (美國)

排名第一的哈佛大學成立於1636年,是美國最古老大學。這所常春藤盟校以歷史悠久、知名校友和提供慷慨財政援助聞名。其財力雄厚的部分原因是所獲捐款總值約400億元。

哥倫比亞大學普林斯頓大學是另外兩所擠進前十大的常春藤盟校。加州大學伯克萊分校和位在西雅圖的華盛頓大學兩所公校,以其強大區域和全球研究實力躋身十大之列。

麻省理工學院(MIT)被評為第三,MIT在12個工程學科中有6個學科排名第一, 仍然是排名第二的本科商業項目。在商科本科Major中,它在創業精神和管理信息系統方面排名第二。

排名前五的工程類本科院校還包括斯坦福大學(Stanford University)、加州大學伯克利分校(University of California at Berkeley)、加州理工學院(Caltech)和佐治亞理工學院(Georgia Tech)。

前80名

1 Harvard University  United States Cambridge, MA
2 Massachusetts Institute of Technology  United States Cambridge, MA
3 Stanford University  United States Stanford, CA
4 University of California-Berkeley  United States Berkeley, CA
5 University of Oxford  United Kingdom Oxford
6 California Institute of Technology  United States Pasadena, CA
7 Columbia University  United States New York, NY
8 Princeton University  United States Princeton, NJ
9 University of Cambridge  United Kingdom Cambridge
10 University of Washington  United States Seattle, WA
11 Johns Hopkins University  United States Baltimore, MD
12 Yale University  United States New Haven, CT
13 University of Chicago  United States Chicago, IL
14 University of California-Los Angeles  United States Los Angeles, CA
15 University of California-San Francisco  United States San Francisco, CA
16 University of Pennsylvania  United States Philadelphia, PA
17 University of Michigan-Ann Arbor  United States Ann Arbor, MI
18 University of Toronto  Canada Toronto, Ontario
19 University of California-San Diego  United States La Jolla, CA
20 Imperial College London  United Kingdom London
21 University College London  United Kingdom London
22 Duke University  United States Durham, NC
23 Cornell University  United States Ithaca, NY
24 Northwestern University  United States Evanston, IL
25 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich  Switzerland Zurich
26 University of Melbourne  Australia Parkville, Victoria
27 University of Sydney  Australia Sydney, New South Wales
28 New York University  United States New York, NY
28 University of Edinburgh  United Kingdom Edinburgh, Scotland
30 University of British Columbia  Canada Vancouver, British Columbia
31 Washington University in St. Louis  United States St. Louis, MO
32 University of Copenhagen  Denmark Copenhagen
33 University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill  United States Chapel Hill, NC
34 University of Texas-Austin  United States Austin, TX
34 National University of Singapore  Singapore
36 Tsinghua University  China Beijing
37 University of Wisconsin-Madison  United States Madison, WI
37 King's College London  United Kingdom London
37 Sorbonne Universite  France Paris
40 University of Amsterdam  Netherlands Amsterdam
41 University of California-Santa Barbara  United States Santa Barbara, CA
42 University of Queensland Australia  Australia Brisbane, Queensland
43 Nanyang Technological University  Singapore
43 University of Munich  Germany Munich
45 Ohio State University-Columbus  United States Columbus, OH
45 École Polytechnique Federale of Lausanne  Switzerland Lausanne
47 University of Pittsburgh  United States Pittsburgh, PA
47 University of Minnesota-Twin Cities  United States Minneapolis, MN
49 McGill University  Canada Montréal, Québec
50 University of Colorado-Boulder  United States Boulder, CO
51 University of Maryland-College Park  United States College Park, MD
51 Boston University  United States Boston, MA
51 Karolinska Institute  Sweden Stockholm
51 King Abdulaziz University  Saudi Arabia Jeddah
55 Utrecht University  Netherlands Utrecht
56 Heidelberg University  Germany Heidelberg
56 Catholic University of Leuven  Belgium Leuven
58 University of Zurich  Switzerland Zürich
59 University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign  United States Champaign, IL
59 Peking University  China Beijing
59 Monash University  Australia Clayton, Victoria
62 Rockefeller University  United States New York, NY
62 Georgia Institute of Technology  United States Atlanta, GA
64 University of California-Davis  United States Davis, CA
64 University of Manchester  United Kingdom Manchester
64 University of New South Wales  Australia Kensington, New South Wales
67 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai  United States New York, NY
67 Universite Sorbonne Paris Cite-USPC (ComUE)  France Paris
69 University of Southern California  United States Los Angeles, CA
69 Australian National University  Australia Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
71 Emory University  United States Atlanta, GA
72 Pennsylvania State University-University Park  United States University Park, PA
72 Vanderbilt University  United States Nashville, TN
74 Erasmus University Rotterdam  Netherlands Rotterdam
74 University of Tokyo  Japan Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo
76 University of California-Santa Cruz  United States Santa Cruz, CA
77 Technical University of Munich  Germany Munich
78 University of California-Irvine  United States Irvine, CA
79 Wageningen University and Research Center  Netherlands Wageningen
80 University of Adelaide  Australia Adelaide, South Australia

是次排名涵蓋了分佈在81個國家/地區的前1,500家院校。 US News排名是根據13項指標進行排名,這些指標衡量學校的整體學術研究表現以及其全球和地區聲譽 (註 1)。

接受評估的全球1500所大學中,美國的大學院校占249所,數量最多,其次是中國188所,英國86所,日本82所,德國66所。

前20名中,除了牛津(第五)、劍橋(第九)和帝國理工(第二十)、以及多倫多大學(第十八)外,其餘院校均來自美國。中國大陸方面,清華大學(第36),北京大學(第59)。香港大學(第100名)。

今年並新增加了腫瘤學、外科、心臟和心血管系統、電氣和電子工程、機械工程和土木工程等六個學科排名,總計有28個學科類別進行排名。其中,在工程和電腦科學排名方面,排名前10名的學校,有四所位於中國。

歐洲排名前3位:

1. 牛津大學(英國)

2. 劍橋大學(英國)

3. 倫敦帝國學院(英國)

亞洲排名前3位:

1. 新加坡國立大學(新加坡)

2. 清華大學(中國)

3. 南洋理工大學(新加坡)

澳紐排名前3位

1. 墨爾本大學(澳洲)

2. 雪梨大學(澳洲)

3. 昆士蘭大學(澳洲)

81至160名 

81 University of Bristol  United Kingdom Bristol
82 Carnegie Mellon University  United States Pittsburgh, PA
82 VU University Amsterdam  Netherlands Amsterdam
82 PSL Research University Paris (ComUE)  France Paris
85 University of Arizona  United States Tucson, AZ
86 University of Western Australia  Australia Crawley, Western Australia
87 University of Helsinki  Finland Helsinki
87 Ghent University  Belgium Gent
89 University of Glasgow  United Kingdom Glasgow, Scotland
89 Leiden University  Netherlands Leiden
91 Lund University  Sweden Lund
91 University of Oslo  Norway Oslo
91 Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin  Germany Berlin
94 University of Southampton  United Kingdom Southampton
94 University of Geneva  Switzerland Geneva
96 University of Birmingham  United Kingdom Birmingham
96 University of Groningen  Netherlands Groningen
98 University of Barcelona  Spain Barcelona
99 Weizmann Institute of Science  Israel Rehovot
100 University of Hong Kong  Hong Kong Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong
101 Michigan State University  United States East Lansing, MI
102 Brown University  United States Providence, RI
102 Uppsala University  Sweden Uppsala
104 Radboud University Nijmegen  Netherlands Nijmegen
105 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey-New Brunswick  United States Piscataway Township, NJ
105 University of Florida  United States Gainesville, FL
107 University of Virginia  United States Charlottesville, VA
108 Rice University  United States Houston, TX
108 London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine  United Kingdom London
108 University of Bonn  Germany Bonn
108 Aarhus University  Denmark Aarhus C
112 University of Bern  Switzerland Bern
113 Chinese University Hong Kong  Hong Kong Shatin, New Territories
114 Purdue University-West Lafayette  United States West Lafayette, IN
114 Stockholm University  Sweden Stockholm
116 University of Padua  Italy Padua
116 University of Bologna  Italy Bologna
118 Université Paris-Sud  France Orsay
119 Queen Mary, University of London  United Kingdom London
119 Sapienza University of Rome  Italy Rome
121 University of Cape Town  South Africa Cape Town
122 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology  Hong Kong
122 Freie Universität Berlin  Germany Berlin
124 Kyoto University  Japan Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto
125 University of Rochester  United States Rochester, NY
126 McMaster University  Canada Hamilton, Ontario
127 University of Warwick  United Kingdom Coventry
128 University of Basel  Switzerland Basel
128 Seoul National University  South Korea Seoul
128 University of Science and Technology of China  China Hefei, Anhui
128 Universidade de São Paulo  Brazil São Paulo
132 Baylor College of Medicine  United States Houston, TX
132 University of Sheffield  United Kingdom Sheffield
134 Texas A&M University-College Station  United States College Station, TX
134 University of Auckland  New Zealand Auckland
136 Indiana University-Bloomington  United States Bloomington, IN
136 University of Massachusetts-Amherst  United States Amherst, MA
136 Shanghai Jiao Tong University  China Shanghai
139 University of Utah  United States Salt Lake City, UT
139 Universite de Lyon (ComUE)  France Lyon
139 University of Montreal  Canada Montréal, Québec
139 University of Alberta  Canada Edmonton, Alberta
139 University Catholique of Louvain  Belgium Louvain-la-Neuve
144 Communaute Universite Grenoble Alpes  France Saint-Martin-d'Heres
145 University of Hamburg  Germany Hamburg
146 Arizona State University-Tempe  United States Tempe, AZ
146 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center-Dallas  United States Dallas, TX
148 Technical University of Denmark  Denmark Kongens Lyngby
149 University of California-Riverside  United States Riverside, CA
149 University of Liverpool  United Kingdom Liverpool
151 University of Gothenburg  Sweden Gothenburg
152 Oregon Health & Science University  United States Portland, OR
152 University of Nottingham  United Kingdom Nottingham
152 King Abdullah University of Science & Technology  Saudi Arabia Thuwal
155 Case Western Reserve University  United States Cleveland, OH
155 University of Milan  Italy Milan
157 Zhejiang University  China Hangzhou, Zhejiang
158 University of Leeds  United Kingdom Leeds
158 University of Freiburg  Germany Freiburg
160 University of Göttingen  Germany Göttingen

註 1: 排名指標(Methodology)如下:

「美國新聞與世界報導」全球最佳大學排行榜已邁入第六屆,這次是對全球81個國家1500所大學進行評估,比去年評估的1250校增加許多。它以13種不同因素來衡量各校學術研究表現,包括學術聲譽、國際合作、出版物和引用等。為收集各類資訊,美新周刊與Clarivate Analytics公司合作,對全球2萬6810名教授、研究人員、資深行政管理人員、學生和大學員工進行調查分析。

註 2: MIT:

麻省理工學院(MIT)被評為第三,MIT的工程項目繼續在本科工程項目中名列前茅。沒有任何一所大學在兩個以上的學科上排名第一,MIT在12個工程學科中有6個學科排名第一: 航空/航天工程;化學工程;計算機工程;電氣/電子/通信工程;材料工程;和機械工程。生物醫學工程排名第二。還有麻省理工學院仍然是排名第二的本科商業項目。在商業子領域中,麻省理工學院在兩個專業中排名第一。在商科本科專業中,麻省理工斯隆管理學院在生產/運營管理和定量分析/方法方面處於領先地位。它在創業精神和管理信息系統方面排名第二。

參考資料:

https://www.usnews.com/education/best-global-universities/rankings

https://www.worldjournal.com/6578442/article-%E5%85%A8%E7%90%8310%E6%9C%80%E4%BD%B3%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%B8-%E7%BE%8E%E5%8D%A08%E6%A0%A1/

http://std.stheadline.com/instant/articles/detail/1121680/%E5%8D%B3%E6%99%82-%E9%A6%99%E6%B8%AF-%E5%85%A8%E7%90%83%E5%8D%81%E5%A4%A7%E6%9C%80%E4%BD%B3%E5%A4%A7%E5%AD%B8-%E8%8B%B1%E5%9C%8B%E5%8F%AA%E4%BD%94%E5%85%A9%E5%B8%AD

返回