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城市大學 ko 布朗大學 (2022 年度QS世界大學排名)

香港城市大學 KO 美國布朗大學 - 麗斯為你拆解這另人驚訝的結果。

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一所建校超過250年的美國長春藤大學竟然低過建校不過30年的本地城市大學確實吾明。現在讓我們看看主要評準指標。(個別指標 - 見附表3)

論文引用(佔二成):

QS 城大的96.5 略高於布朗大學的94.5。

近幾年城大確實大力發展科研,它有七千多名研究生postgraduate, 完勝祇有約二千六名研究生的布朗  [附表2]。所以研究項目方面,城大對比布朗,也可用大巴比小巴來比喻,始終工廠大些,出產自然多些。到此,大家都該明白了。 

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學術聲譽(佔四成):

城大的59.4 也略高於布朗大學的58.1。

近年城大的海洋污染國家重點實驗室 – SKLMP ( State Key Laboratory in Marine) 與數間國際大學合作研究海洋汚染。SKLMP[註1]。 是一所推進海洋環境研究的重要國際研究中心,有助於保護和管理海洋環境並產生積極的社會影響。SKLMP 領導一項為期十年的“全球河口監測 GEM (Global Estuaries Monitoring)計劃”,並得到聯合國的認可,所以甚獲有關國際機構及學術界注目。

國際學生(佔半成):

城大的99.9大幅拋離布郎的56.3.

本中心查看兩校實際數字[附表二],發覺城大有國際生五千,佔總學生約21.7%;布郎有二千七名,佔27%。而且城大的五千國際生大部份是國內生,未盡代表「國際」的意義。

此外QS給與城大的數值,”99.9” 明顯是不合理,而且極可能是程式上的錯誤了。

結論

各家長及同學不要單看總排名,也要細看某項指標及認識多些有關大學有關項目、計劃及大學的大小。

附表3  - 個別指標

 Rank University Academic Reputation Citations per Faculty Faculty Student Ratio Employer Reputation International Students Ratio International Faculty Ratio   Overall Score
  Percentage of metrics applied 40% 20% 20% 10% 5% 5%    
1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 100 100 100 100 91.4 100   100
2 University of Oxford 100 96 100 100 98.5 99.5   99.5
3 Stanford University 100 99.9 100 100 67 99.8   98.7
3 University of Cambridge 100 92.1 100 100 97.7 100   98.7
5 Harvard University 100 100 99.1 100 70.1 84.2   98
6 California Institute of Technology (Caltech) 96.7 100 100 89.9 87.7 99.4   97.4
7 Imperial College London 98.4 88.1 99.8 99.8 100 100   97.3
8 ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology 98.7 99.8 80.4 95.3 98.2 100   95.4
8 UCL 99.4 78 99 98.9 100 99.5   95.4
10 University of Chicago 99.2 90.6 95.5 93.5 84.9 71.9   94.5
11 National University of Singapore (NUS) 99.6 90.6 86.8 97.1 70.3 100   93.9
12 Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU) 91.1 95.5 89.5 85 69.6 100   90.8
13 University of Pennsylvania 96.2 74 100 93.8 58.1 94.1   90.7
14 EPFL 82.4 99.8 94.8 79.7 100 100   90.2
14 Yale University 99.9 59.9 100 100 69.8 87.9   90.2
16 The University of Edinburgh 98 69.5 83.5 97.3 99.6 99.3   89.9
17 Tsinghua University 98.6 96 90.6 97.6 26.3 15.3   89
18 Peking University 99.4 89.5 83.5 98.2 38.5 45.6   88.8
19 Columbia University 99.6 55.6 100 98.4 98.4 52.7   88.7
20 Princeton University 99.9 100 68.7 99.2 63.2 28.1   88.6
21 Cornell University 98.4 98.9 61.3 93.9 66.1 75.6   88.3
22 The University of Hong Kong 97.9 62.1 85.4 73.1 98.9 100   86.3
23 The University of Tokyo 100 79 92.4 99.6 28.5 3.3   86.2
23 University of Michigan-Ann Arbor 98.6 70.5 90.2 93 34.9 63.4   86.2
25 Johns Hopkins University 87.6 89.9 100 51.6 91.7 55.1   85.9
26 University of Toronto 99.5 58.8 69.4 98.2 94.9 98.6   85.3
27 McGill University 92.5 65.5 73.3 94.4 96.6 92.2   84
27 The Australian National University 94.6 95.4 44.4 79.3 98.8 100   84
27 The University of Manchester 95.2 58.1 72.5 98 99.3 94   84
30 Northwestern University 84.4 87.1 99.3 74.7 49.6 30   82.8
31 Fudan University 84.8 71.1 91.5 89.1 45.5 93.3   82.6
32 University of California, Berkeley (UCB) 100 99.9 23.3 100 55.3 95.4   82.5
33 Kyoto University 98.7 60.3 96 97.8 22.7 5.4   82.3
34 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology 84.2 98.2 64.8 60.7 89.2 100   82.2
35 King's College London 88.9 53.9 83.4 86.2 100 99.2   82
36 Seoul National University 98.3 75 83.9 96.5 8.9 4   81.7
37 The University of Melbourne 98.9 89.7 19.9 97.3 99.9 97.1   81.4
38 The University of Sydney 96.8 87.9 20.9 95.4 100 100   80.4
39 The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) 88.8 83.2 62.6 56.7 91.8 100   80.3
40 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) 100 90.5 42.5 99.9 26.7 28.9   79.7
41 KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology 87.5 98.8 73.1 83.1 12 8.5   79.1
42 New York University (NYU) 95.9 27.7 96.6 98.6 95.6 14.6   78.9
43 The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney) 90.4 93.5 15.2 94.4 99.8 100   77.7
44 Université PSL 75.8 55.1 99.9 95.9 70.5 57.5   77.6
45 Zhejiang University 71.2 69 88 91.5 63 98.5   77.4
46 University of British Columbia 97.6 46.8 52.7 94.2 79 89.1   77.1
47 The University of Queensland 88.2 89.4 25.4 80.2 100 100   76.6
48 University of California, San Diego (UCSD) 91 78.4 62.6 61.1 61.8 39.2   76.1
49 Institut Polytechnique de Paris 44.8 91.6 99.6 98.6 98.1 94.3   75.9
49 The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) 72.4 87.8 45 99.2 100 100   75.8
50 Shanghai Jiao Tong University 83.4 95.6 55.2 86.7 36.3 25   75.6
50 Technical University of Munich 84.5 27.2 94.5 97.6 91.2 56.9   75.6
52 Duke University 86.9 45.4 100 81.8 57.4 -   75.2
53 Carnegie Mellon University 72.7 99.9 55 75 99.1 34.6   74.6
53 City University of Hong Kong 59.4 96.5 89.7 33 99.9 100   74.6
55 University of Amsterdam 83.1 99.5 33.6 55.6 72.9 88.7   73.8
56 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) 74.6 71.1 87.6 91.1 36.2 13.7   73.5
57 Delft University of Technology 71.9 87.8 41.8 87.9 85.9 100   73.1
58 Monash University 88.9 73.9 13.9 87.2 100 100   72.2
60 Brown University 58.1 94.5 83.2 56.3 54 78.2   71.3

 

註1 .  SKLMP / 08 Jun 2021 / https://www.cityu.edu.hk/sklmp/

SKLMP has been endorsed by the United Nations (UN) to lead the ten-year “Global Estuaries Monitoring (GEM) Programme” as one of the ‘Ocean Decade Actions’ for the “UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development”. “The Decade is embracing a participative and transformative process so that scientists, policy makers, managers, and service users can work together to ensure that ocean science delivers greater benefits for both the ocean ecosystem and for society.”

The GEM Programme led by Professor Kenneth Leung is the only endorsed proposal from Hong Kong in this first round of application and one of two endorsed “Ocean Decade Actions” from China. The results of GEM Programme will reveal the pollution situation around the globe, identify the estuaries that require attention and improvement, recommend priority contaminants for control, and promote best practices to combat the pollution problems and thereby creating cleaner estuaries for all.

The core collaborative partners of the GEM Programme include, Professor Alistair Boxall from the University of York, UK, Professor Martina Doblin from the Sydney Institute of Marine Science (SIMS), Australia, Professor

Bryan Brooks from Baylor University, USA, and Dr Yuan Shen from the State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science (MEL) in Xiamen University, China.

The first phase of the sampling will be launched in May 2022 in major urbanised estuaries in the southern hemisphere, and extended to the northern hemisphere in November of the same year. It is expected that about 100 countries or regions will participate. The research team expects to publish the report after the completion of the first phase in 2023, revealing the pollution status of global estuaries.

註2 .  

The respective numbers of Mainland students studying in primary schools, secondary schools, and post-secondary institutions in Hong Kong for 2019/20 are tabulated as follows:
 

Category of Schools/Institutions

Number of Mainland Students

Primary

950

Secondary

1 349

Post-secondary

38 087

 

https://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/201912/04/P2019120400340.htm

 

註3 .  布朗大學 (Brown University) 簡介

布朗大學成立於 1764 年,是常春藤盟校之一,擁有世界知名的教師,也是一所創新的教育機構,學生的好奇心、創造力和智力樂趣推動了卓越的學術。

(地點:羅德島普羅維登斯, 本科招生:7,000, 錄取率:6.9%)

在學生達到一定的學術門檻後,布朗真正重視具有獨特和多樣化學術興趣的學生,這些學生最能從開放課程中受益。 例如,優秀的學生可能會尋求將計算機科學與經典相結合,以使用數字建模來重建古代文物。

布朗還特別重視課外活動和論文。 他們尋找充滿活力的學生。 大學重視藝術並欣賞具有藝術成分的個人資料,

例如視覺藝術或創意寫作作品集。 即使對於未來的 STEM 專業,布朗也重視與文科合作的學生。

這是一所極其獨特的學校,它利用其龐大的捐贈基金和著名的師資力量來培養全球最優秀的學生。

布朗大學的校友Janet Yellen、Ira Glass 和 Emma Watson 有一個共同點:他們同時是醫學、技術、政治學、表演藝術、新聞和許多其他領域的領導者。

從學術上講,布朗大學最著名的也許是它的開放課程,它讓學生可以自由地探索自己的興趣,而不會被要求所困。

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